Alopecia areata is the name for an autoimmune skin condition in which round patches of hair loss appear suddenly out of nowhere. It can be on the head or anywhere else on the body. The hair-growing tissue is attacked by the patient’s own immune cells for unknown reasons.
There are typically three stages: first, there is sudden hair loss, then the patches of hair loss enlarge, and last, new hair grows back. This process takes months, sometimes more than a year, but rarely does the hair never grow back. As such it is not cause for alarm.
What are the causes of Alopecia hair loss?
Although this condition has been studied extensively over the years, we do not know why the immune cells attack the hair-growing tissue. We do know that
Alopecia areata is not contagious, not caused by foods as some people have reported, and is not the result of nervousness or anxiety.
The condition typically starts during early childhood and sometimes runs in families, so there may be a genetic component to it. But this has yet to be determined conclusively.
No two people experience the same exact symptoms, so what you go through will likely be different than what others do as far as location, severity, regrowth and other aspects of the condition.
Hair Loss Treatment Options
Alopecia affects millions of people so it’s important to realize that you are not alone. Research is ongoing and hopefully one day experts will discover exactly why this condition comes about. Until then, there are various treatment options which have been shown to be effective.
Many people have achieved success with treatments such as Profollica, an all-natural alopecia solution for men and women.
Cortisone injections can also stimulate hair regrowth. Twenty to thirty injections per patch are required once a month. The injections are uncomfortable and only work in the areas that have been injected; the injections do not prevent new areas of hair loss.
It generally takes one to two months after the injection before hair growth is visible. However, some patients do not respond to any treatment and it is not possible to predict which patients will respond to treatment. Cortisone creams are also sometimes beneficial in the treatment of alopecia areata.
You can find a lot of helpful information at the National Alopecia Areata Foundation website, which has a ton of useful resources such as support groups, news, research, events and other areas hat may be helpful for you.